Bergamot

Fragrance Families: hesperidschyprefougère
Characteristics: fresh, juicy, sour, citrusy
Fragrance Examples: Farina 1709

From the bergamot orange, bergamot is admired for its sour and citrusy qualities, used notoriously in the original Eau de Cologne of 17th Century Germany. The fruit is cultivated primarily for the extracted essential oil — being largely non-edible — which possesses multiple uses in the world of perfumery. It is prized for its ability to inject sweetness and freshness into fragrances. Mildly spicy, the fragrance is used, in varying amounts, in nearly every perfume produced.

The bergamot oil also provides the foundation for which all fragrances in the families of hesperidschypre and fougère are founded.