Refers to the flower buds of the clove tree, which are notably aromatic and fragrant in nature. Their origins lie in the Indonesian Maluku Islands, and the cultivation and usage of the clove has spread to encompass almost all of the globe. The most common usage of the buds is as a spice: to flavor and impart pleasant aromas into dishes. Their presence in the culinary world is extensive, although their presence in perfumery is also well and truly worthy of note. The flower buds are dried and take on a distinct brown shade. These dried buds are commonly known simply as “cloves”. The scent is identical to the flavor: sweet, warm, and spicy. The compound eugenol is primarily responsible for the scent of the clove, and makes up a substantial portion of the essential oil of the material. The spicy qualities are largely owed to the presence of eugenol.
Cloves are usually seen in perfumery as added components that give subtle yet pleasant hints to a composition, although there are examples of various extracts playing larger roles in perfume production. Clove extracts can be blended with orange to make a fragrance pomander, which was a sign of good will when presented as a gift in Victorian era England.