A cultivated tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It is known for its yellow timber; heavy and fine-grained. The timber and oil the tree yields, are known for being highly fragrant and aromatic, and have a wide range of practical uses. Both the timbers and the oils have been sought after for centuries, for not only the pleasing and inviting aromas they produce, but for the long half-life associated with the fragrance. As such, it is a favorite for those wishing to add scent to items, without having to worry about the aroma dying out in the short-term.
The scent is often described as being creamy and milky; soft, yet noticeably present. The primary derivative product, sandalwood oil, carries a distinctively warm and smooth aroma, with strong woody characteristics. Being long-lasting, it is frequently added to many types of perfumes, from the oriental group, to the chypre and fougère families. It is also used as a fixative in citrus and floral blends — added in small amounts to increase longevity and vitality. It is also a main component of fragrances belonging to the “floriental” family, often being combined with white florals like gardenia and plumeria.
Sandalwood is also a term used to refer to any perfume or incense derived from the tree.